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Mars Minerals | Trading Company

NON FERROUS SCRAP

Non-ferrous metal is a metal, including alloys, that does not contain iron (ferrite) in appreciable amounts. Non-ferrous metals are used because of desirable properties such as :

  • Low weight (e.g. aluminium)
  • Higher conductivity (e.g. copper)
  • Non-magnetic property or
  • Resistance to corrosion (e.g. zinc)

Aluminium, copper, lead, nickel, tin, and zinc are among the many base metals that are referred in the industry as nonferrous scrap. These materials have a variety of uses and maintain their chemical properties through repeated recycling and reprocessing. This trait makes nonferrous metals infinitely recyclable and important to maintaining sustainability in resource conservation.

Secondary materials are essential to the industry’s survival because even new metals often require the combined use of recycled materials.

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Global non-ferrous metals market expected to grow at a CAGR of close to 5% during the period 2016-2020.

ALUMINIUM

Aluminium has great recycling potential and is often re-used for the same application for which it was originally manufactured. Its strength, flexibility and light weight, make it ideal for:

  • Building and construction: Window frames, building structures, roofs, etc.
  • Transportation: Airplanes, trains, boats, cars and trucks. It is also used in smaller vehicles like bicycles, motorbikes and other mobility devices such as wheelchairs.
  • Packaging: Aluminium is used mostly in the form of cans and foil.
  • Electricity: Since 1945, aluminium has replaced copper in high-voltage transmission lines.
  • Cooking and tableware

The share of bauxite reserves held by the top 10 countries is about 87% of the total global bauxite reserves.

Guinea and Australia together holds almost ~50% of the total reserves. The states of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh together hold 69% of total India’s bauxite reserves.

India has the fifth largest bauxite reserves with deposits of about 3.8 billion tonnes.

India’s share in world aluminium capacity stands at about 4.85%. Production of one tonne of aluminium requires two tonnes of alumina, while production of one tonne of alumina requires three-four tonnes of bauxite

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COPPER

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One of the oldest metals, copper is an important non-ferrous base metal used in industry-wide applications. Of the total global reserves of copper ores and concentrates, Chile alone accounts for about 30%, followed by Australia and Peru.

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ZINC

The top 10 countries account for >~ 85 % of the total reserves of zinc ores and concentrates. The reserves of the top two countries amount to approximately half of the total global reserves. Australia, the holder of largest reserves, alone accounts for a little less than 30%.

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Industry experts estimate that globally, 30% of zinc is recycled/recovered from galvanized steel scrap, EAF dust, zinc ash, zinc dross, etc. Since zinc production is a power intensive process, the lower consumption of power, usage of cheap scrap, dross or ash and low overheads offer the secondary players a competitive edge, over the primary producers.

COAL

Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers called coal beds or coal seams. Coal is composed primarily of carbon, along with variable quantities of other elements, chiefly hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen.

Coal has been used as an energy resource, primarily burned for the production of electricity and heat, and is also used for industrial purposes, such as refining metals.

Metallurgical coal or coking coal is used in the process of creating coke necessary for iron and steel-making. Coke is a porous, hard black rock of concentrated carbon that is created by heating bituminous coal without air to extremely high temperatures.

74% of the steel produced today uses coal. Metallurgical coal – or coking coal – is a vital ingredient in the steel making process.

Several properties, content, volatile gases, sulphur, moisture, ash and trace elements, all affect the quality of coal. The energy content is the most important property of coal for generating power effectively, representing the amount of energy produced from burning a given quantity.

The most commonly used measure of metallurgical coal is Coke Strength After Reaction (CSR). Australia’s metallurgical coals typically produce strong CSR cokes with low reactivity and low sulphur and phosphorus content. This makes them highly sought after, as they are among the best coal for steel making in the world.

Mars Minerals Agency envisions the trade prospects between the Australian supplier and Indian demand market. We guarantee to ease the trade between the two countries .

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